1. Part 3: Human rights Mechanisms
a. Convntional
b. Extracovnentional
1. to monitor the implementation of international human rights
2. Deal with human rights complaints and violations

>Individual complaints:State-to-State complaints:(allows IC and state to state )
1. the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political
2.the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination
and (ICERD
3.the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel orInhuman Treatment or Punishment). (COT)

> Complaints of human rights violations are technically referred to as “communications

> Reporting procedure
1. Each State party is required to submit periodic reports to the Committee;
2. The reports are examined by the treaty body in light
3. After considering the information, the treaty body issues concludingobservations/comments containing recommendations for action by the State party enabling better implementation of the relevant treaty.

> How to contact the committees
Five committees are serviced by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights:
v ICESR- the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,
v HRC- the Human Rights Committee,
v – CAT- the Committee against Torture,
v – ICEARD – the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination;
v – CORC- the Committee on the Rights of the Child.

Individual communications procedure under CERD:
> Such communications may only be considered if the State concerned is a party to the Convention and has made the declaration under article 14 that it recognizes the competence of CERD to receive such complaints. Where

COmmittee against torture:
>four year term
> enquiry Procedure:
1. committee receives erliable info
2. if found well-founded indications that” torture is being sytematically parcticed”
3. committe may make confidential inquiry

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
against Women
– The new Optional Protocol establishes two procedures:
a. an individual communications
procedure which will allow communications to be submitted by or on behalf of individuals or groups of individuals claiming to be victims of a violation
of any of the rights set out in the Convention;
b. and a procedure which will allow the Committee to enquire into grave or systematic violations by a State
party of those rights.

>In addition, no reservations are permissible, although any State accepting the Protocol may “opt-out” of the enquiry procedure.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Create a website or blog at

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: