2019 BAR EXAMINATIONS POLITICAL AND INTERNATIONAL LAW

Source: Lawphil PART I Note: As stated in the Instructions, Part I covers problem sets labelled A.1. to A.10. All answers to these questions should be written in Booklet I. A.1. Define the following terms: (a) Jus cogens (2%) (b) Principle of double criminality (2%) (c) Act of State doctrine (2%) (d) Precautionary principle (2%) A.2. Under the United Nations Convention on the... Continue Reading →

Case Digests and Doctrines for IP Law Introduction

1. PEARL & DEAN vs. SHOEMART, INC. [G.R. No. 148222. August 15, 2003] CORONA, J (RTC- respondent shoemart liable for infringement) (CA- decision was reversed means not liable) (SC- certiorari) FACTS: Pearl & Dean was able to acquire copyrights over the designs of the display units called “light boxes”. In 1988, their trademark application for “Poster... Continue Reading →

Distinctions between Regional Operating Headquarters (ROHQ) and Regional Headquarters (RHQ)

The distinctions between ROHQ and RHQ are: As to purpose, R.A. No. 8756 defines Regional Operating Headquarters (ROHQ) as any foreign business entity formed, organized, and existing under any laws other than those of the Philippines whose purpose is to service its affiliates, subsidiaries or branches in the Philippines, Asia-Pacific Region, and other foreign markets.... Continue Reading →

When shall laws in the Philippines take effect?

CIVIL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES ART.2 Laws shall take effect after fifteen (15) days following the completion of their publication either in the Official Gazette, or in a newspaper of general circulation in the Philippines, unless it is otherwise provided. (As amended by E.O 200) Notes: General Rule: Laws in the Philippines take effect after... Continue Reading →

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